Running Serverless Functions in Containers
What are Cloud Run and Knative?
Google Cloud Run was recently announced at Google Cloud Next after a private alpha period and we are finally able to talk about it. Cloud run basically allows us to deploy stateless HTTP(S) endpoints via containers without managing servers or Kubernetes clusters. Now we have a serverless platform for our Docker containers with pricing and deployment as easy as most serverless platforms. Everything is managed like scaling the container, routing traffic, custom domains and HTTPS certificates.
Cloud Run is built on Knative an open-source Kubernetes based project which gives confidence that our code/containers are still highly portable.
Check out Googles Documentation for concepts behind Cloud Run and Knative.
Building the Docker Container for Go
Cloud Run needs Docker images in our projects registry to deploy services and their revisions.
FROM golang:alpine as builder ENV PATH /go/bin:/usr/local/go/bin:$PATH ENV GOPATH /go RUN apk --no-cache add gcc g++ make ca-certificates COPY . /home/gistdirect RUN set -x \ && cd /home/gistdirect/main \ && go build \ && mv main /usr/bin/gistdirect \ && rm -rf /go \ && echo "Build complete." FROM alpine:latest RUN apk add --no-cache \ ca-certificates COPY --from=builder /usr/bin/gistdirect /usr/bin/gistdirect EXPOSE 8080 ENTRYPOINT [ "gistdirect" ] CMD [ "" ]
This Dockerfile builds the
main.go file which uses the redirect handler in the
main() function and makes it executable to the final Docker image we will run.
To prepare the Dockerfile for Cloud Run we need to have the
gcloud CLI tool and must be signed in to a project with billing enabled (see part 1). If you followed through part 1 use the same project to reuse your domain.
We can submit our project to Google Cloud Build which builds the image and puts it into the registry of our project.
gcloud builds submit --tag gcr.io/[PROJECTID]/gistdirect
Deploying to Cloud Run
Creating the service is really easy with the Google Cloud Console. Just go to Cloud Run, “Create new Service”, Select the image, set the environment variable and we are good to go.
When the service is ready we get a URL like this:
gistdirect-khsgfjhsg-uc.a.run.app and that’s our function.
Get a nicer domain
If you followed through part 1 you probably already set up and verified a domain to this project. You can go to the Cloud Run main page and select “Manage custom domain”. There you can use your previously added domain, set another custom domain and map it to your service. Once HTTPS is ready and you did the CNAME change in your DNS, you are ready to call your container.